What camera should I buy?

What camera should I buy?

What camera should I buy?

What camera should I buy?

Each year new compact cameras come out with new features, while many may have been versed two years ago and what cutting edge is when they bought their last camera, with each new year comes a fresh cutting-edge, new technology, you ask yourself that same old question, “what camera should I buy?”.  We intend to tackle that and answer the question.

Before continuing, keep in mind a few questions that may help narrow the field.

  1. What subject matter would you like to take pictures of?
  2. When will you use this camera? (*in studios on the beach etc.)
  3. How much control would you like over the camera settings? (*Would you like to swap lenses?)

Compact cameras

We are be a bit partial to the compact camera (*we think they are the most versatile!), The compact camera ranges from simple point-and-shoot models, to more advanced models that give you control of lenses, shutter speeds, and a host of other options!

Generally speaking compact cameras come in all sizes. From the small sized that fit in your front shirt pocket, to a larger one that may fit in a backpack.

Most compact cameras do not allow you to change lenses, however most do accommodate a zoom feature – that has digital or optical zooming. In addition the host of compact cameras do not tend to have the classic “viewfinder”, but rather you have to compose the composition by the screen on the back.

Pros:

  • Simple to operate
  • Majority of time they are light and compact
  • A huge step up from the camera phone

Cons: (* generally speaking)

  • Reduced control over settings
  • Lack of a viewfinder
  • Somehow smaller sensors which limits the picture quality

Best use for:

  • Taking pictures with friends
  • Family and holiday events
  • Backpacking and travel
  • Every day pictures

Not the best for:

  • High-speed action photography
  • Lowlight shooting without a tripod
  • Commercial based photography
  • Depth of field

A Typical digital camera parts

It’s important to know the general features of a digital camera. Below is a handy photo to help you identify the various components.

typical-point-and-shoot-back

Back of the typical digital camera

typical-point-and-shoot-front

Front of the typical digital camera

Going beyond the outside buttons you have  the meat and potatoes that are important to notice.

The camera lens:

The lens of the camera redirects the beams of light allowing them to come together and form an image. Every camera (with very few exceptions) must have a lens. It is a piece of plastic or glass and is arguably the most important part of the camera. The lens quality effects the image quality and features such as the sale and focal length – it’s what will make a high quality image.

Focal length:

In summary the focal length – with the type of lens, determines the enlargement of the subject. example of this would be a wide angle lens. This has a Smaller focal length, while someone using a telephoto lens has a larger focal length (*this is why you see the handshake more predominantly when zoomed in).

Zoom lenses:

There two types of zoom lenses need to be aware, a ” zoom lens” and a ” digital zoom”. The zoom lens is a key feature of any been designed digital camera. A good lens gives the shooter the ability to adjust a focal point and image, and create interesting vocal variations or perspectives. While the digital zoom uses the software inside the camera to enlarge a photo.

If given the option go for a higher zoom lens (that might be listed as 4x or 5x) over a digital zoom, as you will get a higher quality image.

ISO:

In compact cameras the ISO settings are between 100 and 800 (some do go higher). These determine the cameras sensitivity to light. However there is a give-and-take. With a higher ISO setting you can shoot in darker locations this will however create an image with more static or noise on it, use a lower ISO setting to get image with less noise.

Shutter speeds:

Shutter speed option is important if you plan to shoot fast-moving objects. A quick shutter speed Will allow you to shoot a race car driving by, while a slow long shutter speed allows you to capture the stars in the sky.